From this page, you can pay a virtual visit to selected towns and cities once endowed with and/or associated with Magdeburg law: click on the links to read our detailed essays by international academics from a range of disciplines, such as history, archaeology and art history. (work in progress)

Barczewko / Alt-Wartenburg (PL)

A civic settlement in the ‘Great Wilderness’, founded and destroyed within a quarter of a century

At the side of Lake Wadag, at the village of Barczewko/Alt-Wartenburg near Olsztyn (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, north-eastern Poland), lie the walls of the first town of Wartenburg (Barczewko), destroyed during hostilities in 1354. Today’s Barczewo stands on the site of its re-establishment at a different location, since which time the remains of the first town have lain… read more

Lviv / Lemberg (UA)

One city, four municipalities

The city of Lviv (L’viv/Lemberg) in today’s Ukraine is situated on what was once a trading route from the Bavarian cities of Regensburg and Nuremberg to Prague, Kraków and beyond to Constantinople and the Black Sea ports. Archaeological finds bear witness to settlement in the region starting in the sixth century CE. The first indicators of the city… read more

Kraków / Cracow (PL)

A European metropolis of Magdeburg lawThe establishment of a new town under Magdeburg law, proclaimed on 5 June 1257 by Duke Bolesław V the Chaste (whose reign spanned 1243–1279), was a foundational event for Kraków/Cracow in the true sense of the word. Notwithstanding the primarily legal and planning-based character of the endeavour, the city’s foundation generated… read more